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Congratulations on Being Pregnant! 

As soon as you think about having a baby, you should start thinking about what to eat. 





Pregnant women need more protein, iron, folic acid and iodine but only a small increase in energy (kilojoules). Folic acid supplements before and after conception can reduce the risk of neural tube defects such as spina bifida. Small regular snacks may help nausea or morning sickness. Drinking alcohol during pregnancy may affect your unborn baby. 

If you are pregnant, a good approach is to eat to satisfy your appetite and continue to monitor your weight. A normal weight gain over the course of a pregnancy is around 10–13kg for women who were a healthy weight before conception. 

A varied diet generally provides our bodies with enough of each vitamin and mineral each day. However, pregnant women may need supplements of particular vitamins or minerals. Be advised by your doctor before taking supplements.

Why eating healthy is important :: 

For the fetus: 
  • Provides nutrients for proper growth and development.
  • Prevents prematurity and low birth weight. 

For the mother: 
  • To prevent excess weight gain.
  • To prevent heartburn, nausea and constipation.
  • To prevent anemia, infection & poor healing. 


Weight Gain Ranges :: 


• Normal weight BMI (19.8 – 26): 11 – 16 KG 


• Under weight BMI (<19.8): 12.5 – 18 KG 


• Overweight BMI (>26 – 29): 7 – 11.5 KG 



CALCULATE BMI <<--NOW



Try to eat::::
  • Lots of fruit and vegetables, wholegrain breads and cereals.
  • Moderate amounts of low-fat dairy foods and lean meats.
  • Small amounts of foods high in fat, sugar and salt.
  • Lean meat, chicken and fish (make sure it is low in mercury).
  • Dried beans and lentils.
  • Nuts and seeds.
  • Green leafy vegetables. 

NUTRITION IN 1ST TRIMESTER 

During 1st trimester mother’s body undergoes many hormonal changes which affect almost every organ in body 


Changes seen in mother: 


Tiredness, morning sickness, nausea, vomiting, strong food cravings, constipation,Weight gain/loss.


Growth in your baby:


Formation of all internal organs,Heart starts beating, Nerve & Muscle development starts,Arms –legs-eyes starts developing.




NUTRIENTS | REQUIRED FOR | SOURCES 


Proteins | For  Cell formation, Weight Gain |  Found in Milk & its products, Sprouts, Poultry 


Folic Acid | For  Nerve development | Spinach , Egg Yolk, Whole wheat flour, Walnuts, Peanuts 

Vitamin C | For Tissue formation | Fresh fruits, orange, lemons , alma, guava tomato, capsicum 

Vitamin B12 | For Brain development  |  Meats, Milk, Eggs



NUTRITION IN 2nd TRIMESTER 

This is a vital phase in pregnancy as important developments occurs in the baby 

Changes seen in Mother: 

Body aches especially back ache, Tingling/numbness in hands, Nausea/vomiting, swelling on foot, fatigue 

Growth in your baby

Muscle & bone development, skin development, hair, eyebrows, eyelashes, nails, tastebuds, hearing & bone marrow starts making blood cells. 


NUTRIENTS| REQUIRED FOR | SOURCES 


Proteins | For Growth of baby & blood formation  | Found In Pulses (Dal) , eggs, fish, meat, milk, curd (Dahi)  etc 


Vitamin A | For Skin , Eyes , Hair Development | Found In Milk, Egg Yolk, Butter, Leafy vegetables, Red-orange fruits & Vegetables.

Iron | Blood formation | Found In Fenugreek, spinach, dates, sesame, pulses, soya, meats 

Calcium | For Bone & Teeth formation | Found In Milk, curd, paneer, cheese, leafy vegs, ragi etc 

Vitamin C | For Calcium absorption | Found In Orange, guava, lemons, amla, tomatoes 

Vitamin D | For Bone development & calcium absorption | Found in Sunshine, milk, eggs, meats 



NUTRITION IN 3rd TRIMESTER 

Important development continues in baby and mother’s body prepares itself for delivery. 

Changes seen in mother: 

Difficulty in breathing, heartburn, heaviness in stomach, cramps in muscles weight gain or loss, swelling in foot. 

Changes in your baby 

Almost all body parts fully developed, Brain development, rapid weight gain, fat iron, calcium stores in body.



NUTRIENTS | REQUIRED FOR | SOURCES 


Proteins | For Milk production in mothers, Rapid wt gain in baby | Found in Pulses, eggs, fish, meat, milk, curd etc 

Iron | For Storage of iron in baby’s body | Found in Fenugreek, spinach, dates, sesame, pulses, soya, meats 

Calcium | For Milk production in mother, strengthening of bones | Found in Milk, curd, paneer, cheese, leafy Vegetables, Ragi  etc 

Vitamin C | For  Iron absorption | Found in Orange, guava, lemons, amla, tomatoes 

Essential fatty acids | For  Brain development in baby | Found in Walnuts, almonds, flax seeds, fish liver oil etc 


for Problems 




Morning sickness 

Eat dry, crispy foods like biscuits, soup sticks, bread toasts etc. try ginger lemon juice, fruits.avoid smells that cause nausea 


Constipation 

Drink 12- 14 glasses of water/ day. Eat fibre rich foods whole fruits, vegetables, whole cereal etc . can have 1 banana everyday. 


Acidity/heartburn 

Eat 6-8 small frequent meals. Don’t keep long gap between meals. Avoid spicy, fried and junk. Have fresh lime, buttermilk. Do not lie down immediately after meals. 


Swelling on feet. face 

Avoid excess cups of tea/coffee. Avoid salty foods like chips, farsan, pickles, papads etc, Rest and keep your feet elevated. 


Dehydration 

Drink enough fluids in form of 12-14 glasses of water, fruit juices, buttermilk, coconut water etc. include water based fruits & vegetables like melons, pumpkin, doodhi, tomatoes,cucumbers etc 




Foods to Avoid ::

  • Raw fish. 
  • Unpasteurized juices.
  • Raw sprouts (alfalfa).
  • Herbal supplements and herbal teas.
  • Pica or harmful food craving. 
Please check expiry date of Packed food options before consuming, better avoid packed food , and try fresh.

Things to remember:: 
A pregnant woman needs to boost her nutrient intake, rather than her kilojoule intake. 
Pregnancy creates extra demands for certain nutrients including iron and folate. 
Good food hygiene is particularly important during pregnancy. 

Regularly consult your Gynecologist


For Further Question related to Diet  !! Please Contact care@swasthlife.com

Best Wishes,
Tripti Khanna
Msc. Nutrition - NIBM-Pune
www.swasthlife.com


Disclaimer : Please Note : All nutrition tips shared are per standard nutrition guidelines, however, it might effect from body to body. 
Each individual’s dietary needs and restrictions are unique to the individual. You are ultimately responsible for all decisions pertaining to your health.
Please speak to your Nutritionist or Gynecologist before following any diet. Swasthlife does not hold responsible for any kind of claims. 

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